Here we introduce the types of supplements classified from specific ingredients of supplements and their respective features.
I think that vitamin supplements are the most familiar among supplements. Because human beings can not produce vitamins themselves, it is necessary to supplement them from the outside. Therefore, symptoms of vitamin deficiency appear when a shortage occurs at meals. Vitamin supplements are the mainstream in the United States, and the effects of each vitamin are well studied, so supplements of vitamin type are safe even if you take it securely by protecting the capacity.
Mineral supplements are ingredients such as calcium and iron, which are necessary when composing the body. It is also necessary not only for constituting the body but also for the muscles and internal organs to work. Since mineral supplements are well studied, there are abundant data with the scientific basis as well. What you want to keep in mind with mineral supplements is more prone to overdoses than vitamin supplements, so let’s pay attention to an intake.
Amino acid supplement
Amino acid supplements consist of amino acids that make up proteins. Amino acids are, for example, alanine, valine, threonine, tyrosine, etc. There are 20 kinds in total. Among the 20 kinds of amino acids, human beings can not produce 8 kinds of amino acids themselves. Therefore, in order to make up for the 8 kinds, it is necessary to supply it from the outside. Amino acid supplements are available as supplementary foods.
Often herbal supplements are used as medicines abroad. In Europe, herbal supplements are mainstream, and representative examples are “blueberry” “ginkgo biloba” “echinacea”. Since herbal system is used as a medicine in Europe, it is necessary to pay attention to the capacity and usage. Because side effects such as herbal supplements may cause health damage, we need to select with care.
Lutein’s health food
Lutein is one of the carotenoids contained in many vegetables and fruits and is recommended for eye health. Here I will introduce the features of lutein.
What is the relationship between lutein and eye health?
Lutein is a type of carotenoid that has a strong antioxidant activity and has the role of shielding the light itself. For example, it has a role of protecting eyes from blue light emitted from televisions and personal computers and ultraviolet rays. If lutein does not shield the light, there is a risk that some of the light will reach the cells and cells will be oxidatively damaged by light. Lutein is accumulated in the yellow part especially among human eyes. The macula lies just behind the crystalline lens and is located in the centre of the retina. The macula has an important role to read and see clearly. Lutein in this yellowish part will decrease with ageing, generation of active oxygen, etc. However, lutein cannot be made in the body, so it must be taken from food.
What is food containing lutein?
Lutein is often contained in green-yellow vegetables such as spinach and broccoli, but in order to take the amount of lutein needed on the day, you have to eat a considerable amount. Therefore, it is effective to ingest lutein with health food. Please note that lutein is a supplementary food, it is not a drug that can expect treatment effect.
Diseases effective for the prevention of lutein
Prevention of lutein is effective for cataract, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and so on. Cataract is a disease in which parts called eye lenses to become muddy. The muddiness of the lens slowly progresses due to blurred vision, reduced vision, myopia and so on. As the process progresses to some extent, turbidity starts to be noticeable, and the amount of light transmission decreases. In this way, the field of vision will gradually become dim. At the same time, visual acuity drop gradually progresses. There is lutein for such prevention.
When lutein runs short
Lutein has the role of protecting the crystalline lens and the macular region from participation damage by light. Therefore, when lutein is insufficient, it is demonstrated that the risk of cataract in the crystalline lens, and age-related macular degeneration in the macular part is high.
Health food of Hanabiratake
Hanabiratake is a health food containing very much beta-glucan. Here, we will introduce the characteristics of Hanabiratake and the properties of β-glucan.
What is Hanabiratake?
Hanabiratake is a mushroom native to the larch of more than 1,000 meters above the Kanto. Because the habitat of Hanabiratake is very limited, it is said to be “phantom mushroom” which is difficult to discover. Hanabiratake is handy not only in Japan but also in Europe and North America as well. Since Hanabiratake contains several times more β-glucan than other mushrooms, it is very useful because it has more than three times the agaricque.
β-glucan is said to be effective for improving immunity and cancer. Beta-glucan is a polysaccharide made by combining many carbohydrates such as glucose. This beta-glucan seems to have the function of activating killer T cells, NK cells, macrophages and the like that attack infected cells and cancer cells in the body. When such cells are activated, the resistance to suppress the onset of disease, that is immunity increases. As a result, it is said to cause allergic reactions to subside and to reduce the diuretic effect and blood pressure regulation.
What kind of food contains β-glucan?
Beta glucan is not just Agaricus and Hanabiratake called health food. It is also contained in ordinary foods such as shiitake mushrooms and it is made from microbial cultures from yeast etc., and it is also contained in algae such as red algae. Supplements are made from beta glucan etc actually extracted from Shiitake mushrooms etc.